Q: – What is REPLCAE statement, and how do I use it?
The REPLACE statement is the same as using an INSERT INTO command. The syntax is pretty much the same. The difference between an INSERT statement and a REPLACE statement is that MySQL will delete the old record and replace it with the new values in a REPLACE statement, hence the name REPLACE.
Q: – MySQL has a lot of neat functions. What if I need one that isn’t there?
MySQL is so flexible that it allows you to create your own functions. These user-defined functions act the same way that MySQL’s own intrinsic functions operate. It is also possible to recompile your functions into the application so that you will always have them, no matter how many times you install.
Q: – Do all unique keys have to be primary keys?
No. MySQL permits only one primary key per table, but there may be a number of unique keys. Both unique keys and primary keys can speed up the selecting of data with a WHERE clause, but a column should be chosen as the primary key if this is the column by which you want to join the table with other tables.
Q: – How many databases can one MySQL RDBMS contain?
Because MySQL uses the file system of the operating system, there really is no limit to the number of databases contained within a single MySQL RDBMS. The size of the database is limited by the operating system. The database tables can only be as big as the OS’s file system will allow.
Q: – I want to sort the values of my ENUM and SET columns. How do I do this?
The sort order depends on the order in which the values were inserted. ENUM and SET types are not case sensitive. The value that is inserted reverts to the value that you used when you created the ENUM or SET.
Q: – What can I do with the contents of a mysqldump file?
This file is a complete replica of your database in SQL format. You can do a lot of things with this data. You could re-create your database in Microsoft SQL Server or Sybase by simply cutting and pasting the contents of the file. You could also restore your database by using the dump file and the batching ability of the mysql program.
Q: – What are features of MYSQL ?
MySQL is a full-featured relational database management system. It is very stable and has proven itself over time. MySQL has been in production for over 10 years.
– MySQL is a multithreaded server. Multithreaded means that every time someone establishes a
connection with the server, the server program creates a thread or process to handle that client’s
requests. This makes for an extremely fast server. In effect, every client who connects to a MySQL
server gets his or her own thread.
– MySQL is also fully ANSI SQL92-compliant. It adheres to all the standards set forth by the American National Standards Institute.
– another feature of MySQL is its portability—it has been ported to almost every platform. This means that you don’t have to change your main platform to take advantage of MySQL. And if you do want to switch, there is probably a MySQL port for your new platform.
– MySQL also has many different application programming interfaces (APIs). They include APIs for Perl, TCL, Python, C/C++, Java (JDBC), and ODBC.
Q: – What do I do if I forget the MySQL root password?
First log in to the system as the same person who is running the mysqld
daemon (probably root). Kill the process, using the kill command.
Restart MySQL with the following arguments:
UPDATE user SET password = password(‘newpassword’) WHERE User = ‘root’;
The next time you log in, you will use your new password
Q: – Where is the data stored in a MySQL database?
MySQL uses files to store data. These files are under the data/databasename directory, where databasename is the name of the database. There are three file types: .ISM, .FRM, and .ISD. The .FRM file contain the table schema. The .ISD is the file that actually holds the data. The .ISM file is the file that provides quick access between the two of them.
Q: – Explain the terms “mysqlimport”, “mysqldump”, “mysqladmin” and “mysqlcheck”?
mysqlimport for importing data files, mysqldump for making backups, mysqladmin for server administration, and mysqlcheck for checking the integrity of the database files.
Q: – How you will determine the options which are used by mysql?
Q: – How you will determine the version of MySQL?
mysql Ver 14.12 Distrib 5.0.77, for redhat-linux-gnu (i386) using readline 5.1
Q: – How you will connect to the server at a specific IP address with username and password?
mysql –host=10.168.1.33 –user=NAME –password=PASSWORD
Q: – What do you think about this command “mysql> STATUS;”
It will display information about the current connection to the server, as well as status information about the server itself.
Q: – Have you used this command “mysql> HELP contents;”?
Yes, You can get server-side help from this command.
mysql> HELP contents;
You asked for help about help category: “Contents”
For more information, type ‘help <item>’, where <item> is one of
the following categories:
Q: – What is MySQL Query Browser?
The MySQL Query Browser is a graphical tool designed to provide a user friendly environment in which to construct and execute SQL statements.
Q: – Explain “AUTO_INCREMENT” attribute?
AUTO_INCREMENT attribute may be added to an integer column definition to create a column for which MySQL automatically generates a new sequence number each time you create a new row. There may be only one AUTO_INCREMENT column per table, the column must be indexed, and the column must be defined as NOT NULL.
Q: – What this command “mysqladmin status variables” will do?
This command will display a brief status message, followed by the list of server system variables.
Q: – Explain “CHECK TABLE” statement?
The CHECK TABLE statement performs an integrity check on table structure and contents. It works for MyISAM and InnoDB tables. For MyISAM tables, it also updates the index statistics. If the table is a view, CHECK TABLE verifies the view definition.
Q: – Explain “REPAIR TABLE” statement?
The REPAIR TABLE statement corrects problems in a table that has become corrupted. It works only for MyISAM tables.
Q: – Explain “ANALYZE TABLE” statement?
The ANALYZE TABLE statement updates a table with information about the distribution of key values in the table. This information is used by the optimizer to make better choices about query execution plans. This statement works for MyISAM and InnoDB tables.
Q: – Explain “OPTIMIZE TABLE” statement?
The OPTIMIZE TABLE statement cleans up a MyISAM table by defragmenting it. This involves reclaiming unused space resulting from deletes and updates, and coalescing records that have become split and stored non-contiguously. OPTIMIZE TABLE also sorts the index pages if they are out of order and updates the index statistics.
Q: – What is “mysqlcheck Client Program”?
mysqlcheck checks, repairs, analyzes, and optimizes tables. It can perform all these operations on MyISAM tables, and can perform some of them on InnoDB tables. It provides a command-line interface to the various SQL statements that instruct the server to perform table maintenance, such as CHECK TABLE and REPAIR TABLE.
Q: – What is “myisamchk Utility”?
The myisamchk utility performs table maintenance on MyISAM tables.
Q: – What is the use of “INFORMATION_SCHEMA Database”?
The INFORMATION_SCHEMA database provides access to database metadata.INFORMATION_SCHEMA is a “virtual database” in the sense that it is not stored anywhere on disk. But like any other database, it contains tables, and its tables contain rows and columns that can be accessed by means of SELECT statements.
Q: – What is “binary backup”?
A binary backup is a copy of the files in which database contents are stored. Copying these files preserves the databases in exactly the same format in which MySQL itself stores them on disk. Restoration involves copying the files back to their original locations. Techniques for making binary backups include file copy commands.
Q: – What is “text backup”?
A text backup is a dump of database contents into text files. Restoration involves loading the file contents back into databases by processing them through the server. Techniques for making text backups include the SELECT … INTO OUTFILE SQL statement, mysqldump, and MySQL Administrator.
Q: – How you will grant the SELECT privilege for all tables in the TEST database to a user named Ravi, who must connect from the local host and use a password of Ravi123?
Use following command.
GRANT SELECT ON TEST.* TO ‘Ravi’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘Ravi123’;
Q: – Explain “REVOKE statement”?
The REVOKE statement to revoke privileges from an account.
Q: – Explain the command “SHOW GRANTS FOR ‘root’@’localhost’;”
It will show the account has global, database-level, and table-level privileges.